Dodgeball Rules

League Rules

Any issue that arises that is not covered in the league rules should be settled by the two team captains. The issue should then be brought to the attention of the rec league so information can be added to the league rules.


  • Although the Rec League encourages participants to have a good time, alcohol or any other controlled substances are not allowed at any Rec League event or game. Any player found to be under the influence of alcohol or any other controlled substance will be ejected from the league immediately.


  • The Rec League rents facilities in order to provide our leagues. Facilities are rented from the City as well as private facilities. Please respect the facilities so we can continue using them. If we lose our permits, the season will be cancelled.
    • No Outdoor Shoes in any gym facility
    • No Marking running shoes
    • Leave the gym the way you found it.


  • 6 Players on the floor at one time. At least two players on the floor must be female at all times. There is no minimum requirement for males.
  • The Rec League recommends teams of 9-12 players to avoid defaults. Teams are also encouraged to have subs if needed.
  • A minimum of 4 players need to be present at the start of the game to avoid a default. A least 1 player must be female.
  • If the minimum requirement is not met, the team that is short players will lose the game by default 10-0.
  • If a team loses by default, they will lose their default deposit. If a team loses by default twice in one season, they may be removed from the schedule.
  • If both team captains agree, the minimum requirement can be waived and the game can be played and count towards the standings.
  • Teams should arrive at the gym at least 10 minutes prior to the scheduled start time to ensure games start on time. A game that starts late will be a short game; all games must end on time. No Exceptions.


  • All Games are self-officiated. Players are responsible to make their own calls and keep their own score. When a player is hit they must raise their hand and move off the playing court immediately.
  • Players should be honest when they get hit by a ball. Don't assume no one saw you and stay on the court. If a team continually does not call themselves out, the Rec League rep will step in to make the call. If the same player continues to not make honest calls, they will be told to sit out.
  • Any reckless, aggressive, threatening or unsportsmanlike behavior will result in being ejected from the game. If this behavior continues, that player may be ejected from the league and future suspensions may apply. If this is a team issues the entire team may be ejected from the league.
  • The League Coordinator as the right to
    • Warn a player
    • Ask a player to sit out
    • Ask a player to leave the gym
    • Recommend to the league that a player or team be ejected or suspended from the league.
  • Judgement calls by the Rec League Rep are final and should not be protested or argued under any circumstance. Players or teams that argue with the Rep will be subject to suspension or ejection from the league.
    • NO Arguing with the Rep
    • NO swearing at or towards the Rep
    • NO Complaining
  • League Coordinators are not referees. They are there to supervise the games, keep the games running smooth and to ensure players are making the correct calls. They have the right to ask a player to sit out or leave the gym. If asked to do either, you must do so immediately.

Game Play

  • Games will be 55 minutes long. Teams will play as many matches as they can within the 55 minutes. Whichever team wins the most matches within the 55 minutes gets the win and 2 points in the standings.
  • If the game is tied at the end of the allotted time. The final score will be recorded as a tie in all regular season games. In the playoffs once there is 10 minutes left in the allotted, if the game is tied the next game is sudden death. There will be one sudden death match. At the end of the allotted time, the team with the most players left gets the win.
  • "All In Game" is not a league policy, it is up to the teams to play if they want.  If a game is tied before the last match of the night, the final and deciding match cannot be an All In Game.
  • The Captains should confirm the score after each match.
  • 6 Balls are used during the game
  • The game will start by placing 3 balls five feet from both sides of the center line. Teams will stand at the back wall or back line when the gym does not have an acceptable wall to use. Teams will take turns starting the game by calling out loud 1,2,3 dodge ball or Ready Set Go or Ready Set Dodge ball etc.
  • Scores are recorded in the standings with a maximum 10 point differential.
  • Prior to the start of the game the Rec League Rep and Team Captains should go over any boundary lines or other rules that need to be discussed based on the particular playing area.
  • Go Pro Camera's are not allowed to be used during the game.

Game Rules

  • Attempting to reset the 10 second clock by doing any of the following but not limited to throwing the ball lightly over the center line with backspin, placing the ball over the centre line, throwing the ball high off the back wall etc.. will result in being called OUT.   (NEW RULE WINTER 2018)


  •  Save your teammate!  Catch a ball before it lands on the ground, wall or out of bounds after it hits a player.  The player hit will be safe and the thrower from the opposing team is OUT.  The ball must be caught before it touches anything that will make it a dead ball.  

    This means the ball is still live after it hits a player.   A Iive ball means that after the ball hits one player if it hits another player before becoming a dead ball (hitting the floor, wall, out of bounds, another ball etc...) both players are out.  As well, If you attempt to catch the ball after it has hit a teammate and you fail to catch and gain control of the ball you will be out as well.

    As long as the ball is Live (before it touches the floor, cieling, wall, out of bounds, another ball etc...) the same rules apply.  A caught ball means the thrower is OUT and the catching team gets a new player IN.  

    Hitting another ball makes the thrown ball dead, a ball deflected off another ball does not count as a catch only balls deflecting off of a player.

  • No squeezing the balls. If the Rec League rep sees a player squeezing a ball, that player will be called out. If the Rec League Rep sees a player continuously squeezing balls, that player will be asked to sit out the remainder of the night.
  • Any ball that does not cross the center line when leaving a players possession is considered a dropped ball and that player is out. The ball must land on the other side of the center line.  For example:  Throwing the ball against the wall on your side of the court means the ball has left the throwers possession and did not cross the centre line.  Therefore the thrower is OUT.  
  • You have 10 seconds to throw the ball. If you do not throw the ball in 10 seconds you must give the ball to the other team. There is no clock, so players must use the honor system. The 10 seconds begins once you touch the ball with your hand and begin controlling the movement or lack of movement of the ball.  The ball must be thrown over the center line within 10 seconds and the clock is not reset if the ball is passed between teammates.(Updated Winter 2016)
  • ****When a match is down to 1 player vs 1 player, there is no time limit.  Teammates should help keeps balls in play when down to 1 player.  When playing 1v1 players must continue to throw balls.  Players have to at a minimum alternate throwing a ball, starting with the player that has the most balls on their side of the court. **** UPDATED SPRING 2017
  • When starting the game, players must pick up the ball in order to get a player out. For example, when running to the line to get a ball, you cannot swipe at the ball with the intent on the ball hitting a person to get them out. You must first pick the ball up and then throw the ball.
  • Players are not allowed to cross the center line, but may lean across to get a ball as long as they do not touch the floor on the other side of the line with any part of their body. If any part of their body touches the ground on the opposite side of the center line they are out.
  • Players must throw the ball from behind the attack line.     A player's momentum may carry them over the attack line as long as the ball was thrown before they crossed the attack line.  The ball must be completely out of the players hand before crossing the attack line.  If the ball was not completely out of their hands, the throw does not count.   If a player continually throws the ball from the wrong side of the attack line they will be asked to sit out.  
  • Players may cross the attack line at any time during the game, but must be behind the attack line when throwing a ball.
  • Players are not allowed to hold more than 1 ball at any time. If you hold more than 1 ball at any time you are out.
  • Players may pass a ball to a teammate, however, they must pass the ball to the teammate and the teammate must catch the ball, if they drop the ball the throw is Out. You cannot hand the ball, kick the ball or push the ball with another ball to a teammate.
  • You cannot use your feet or another ball to hoard or stockpile balls on your side of the center line. Teams are encouraged to keep the balls flowing by having someone move the balls throughout the court if they are stockpiling on one side of the court.
  • If a player is holding a ball, they are not allowed to catch another ball.
  • If a player drops a ball to catch another ball they are out. Once you are in possession of a ball you cannot drop the ball. You must throw the ball and ensure that it lands on the other side of the center line.
  • Players are not allowed to hide behind any doorways, curtains, stands etc.  Any player standing out of bounds is Out.
  • A ball is dead once it hits the floor, ceiling, wall, curtain, another ball or any other obstruction on or near the playing court. Once a ball is dead a player cannot be knocked out if hit with that ball.

  • Once a player is hit, they must raise their hand and leave the playing surface immediately.
  • Once a team is down to their last player, the opposing team has one minute to get that player out. If the team with one player is still in the game after one minute, a second player can join the game. The team with the single player is not allowed to stockpile balls in an attempt to run the clock down. If the player does this, they are automatically out. Teams are responsible to count down the minute.
  • If there are out of bounds areas defined, when a ball goes out of bounds, the player closest to where the ball left the playing surface, can leave to get the ball. They must go directly to the ball and return. The player that leaves the playing area to get the ball is out of play and cannot be hit or hit someone else. The player should let it be known that they are getting the ball by raising their hand and verbally letting the other team know. If there are subs on the sidelines, they may place the ball in the playing area where it exited. They cannot pass a ball to a teammate. If a ball enters another games playing surface, leave the ball until the other game passes the ball over. The Rec League Rep will assist in retrieving the ball.   Any player hiding out of bounds during play will be deemed Out.
  • Once a player is hit with a ball they are out, except hits above the shoulders.  Unless the ball is caught by a teammate before becoming a dead ball (Hitting the floor, cieling, wall, etc...)
  • No Headshots - If a ball hits an upright player above the shoulder the thrower is out.  If the player that got hit deviates from the upright position - bending, crouching, kneeling, leaning etc... that is not considered a headshot.
  • If a player that is ducking gets hit in the head. The player that got hit is out. Ducking is any movement that deviates from and upright position (Kneeling, bending over, crouching etc...).
  • If a player hits another player above the shoulders twice, they will be asked to sit out for the remainder of the night. No Exceptions - Players are responsible for their throws. Players that duck or dive into the ball are out.
  • If a ball hits a player below the shoulders and then the ball bounces and hits the player above the shoulders - that is not considered a headshot.
  • If a player catches a ball, the thrower is out and the team that caught the ball can have another player re-enter the game. Players re-enter the game in the same order they were eliminated from the game. First out - First In.  The floor cannot aid in catching the ball.  If any part of the ball touches the floor, the ball is dead.
  • A player holding a ball can use that ball to deflect thrown balls. However, if that player fumbles and drops the ball they are holding when deflecting another ball they are out.
  • Players are responsible to call when they are out.  If any part of your body below the shoulders gets hit by a live ball you are out. This includes a ball that brushes your shirt or pants.
  • If two balls are thrown at the same time, and both balls are caught by their opponent.  Both throwers are Out, and both teams get to insert a new player into the game.
  • Please be respectful of your opponent by
    • Being honest when you get hit by a ball. There are 10 - 20 matches in a night, so there is lots of playing time.
    • Throwing the ball excessively hard is considered reckless and aggressive behavior and will not be tolerated.
    • Not throwing the ball above the shoulders.
  • These rules are in place to ensure that everyone has a good time playing this game. This is dodgeball and everyone should expect to get hit with a ball, but players should have respect for the fun first mentality and their opponents and to avoid actions that may affect another player or a team’s ability to have fun.


  • All Teams get two playoff games regardless of where you finish in the standings or the result of the first playoff game.
  • The top four teams in each division will play for the League championship. All other teams play for the final standings.
  • All Playoff Games are 50 mins long.  The rest of time will be used for a tie breaker if needed.  The tie breaker will be played by the same rules as the rest of the game.  (Update Winter 2018)


  • This is a Rec League and we expect all players and teams to have a fun first attitude. To help enforce this style of play we ask all teams to report the sportsmanship rating of the opposing team after every game.


+1 - Good, fun spirited team, respected their opposition and made the game enjoyable
 0 - Was not unsportsmanlike, but didn’t go out of their way to make the game enjoyable.
 -1 - Was not a fun team to play. They made the game less enjoyable and did not respect the opposition


  • Teams that have an overall sportsmanship total of less than 5 points at the end of the season will have to sit out one season before they can play again.

Game Reports

  • Team Captains should confirm the score with each other throughout the game and with the Rec League Rep at the end of the game to ensure accurate scores are recorded. Scores are posted with a max 10 point differential.
  • Any complaints about the opposing team should be brought to the attention of the League Coordinator and be done in a respectful and polite way at the end of the game.
  • Any issues throughout the game should be brought to the attention of your team captain and the two team captains and the Rec League Rep can discuss the situation. The team captain is the only player that is allowed to discuss rules and issues with the opposing team.


  • Any advertising being done in a facilitiy rented out by WRL that has not been approved by WRL will result in that team being removed from the league immediately with No Refund.  No Exceptions.  Faciltiies are privately rented and any outside advertising must be approved by WRL.


  • Registration fees are fully refundable up to 2 weeks prior to the beginning of the season, minus a $10.00 administration fee. After this, the league assumes you have committed and all fees are non-refundable.
  • Defaulted deposits are refunded at the end of the season if your team has showed up to all games scheduled with the minimum requirement of players to not default the game and all other scheduled meetings including the equipment pick up and drop off meetings.

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